Jelica Belović Bernadžikovska

Name Jelica Belović Bernadžikovska
Pseudonyms Bianca, B., Bianche, Bianchi, Bianka, Jelica, Jele, Jasna, Hele, teta Jelica, Mlada gospoja Ana, and LJuba T. Daničić
Spouse and other names Bernadzikowski
Date of birth February 25, 1870
Date of death June 30, 1946
Country Serbia
Language German and Serbian
Web address

About her personal situation

Jelica Belović-Bernadzikowska, ethnographer, teacher and writer, was born in 1870 in Osijek,  nowadays Croatia, then Austro-Hungary. Her father was Serbian, her mother German, and  she was  married to a Polish official. Her  main political idea was the union of Croats and Serbs, and this resulted in her being frequently maltreated by the representatives of Austro-Hungarian administration. Her life, however, did not get any better after the World War One, when Yugoslavia, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, was constituted.  Belović -Bernadzikowska lost both her husband and the house during the war, and, no matter she had all these cultural accomplishments, lived with her son in poverty. Her work was much better acknowledged and praised outside her country than at home.

Place of birth Osijek
Place(s) of residence Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, France, and Serbia
Place of death Novi Sad
Nationality hrvatska
First language(s) Serbian and German
Marital status Divorced Widowed
Number of children 1
Gender of children M
Education School education

About her professional situation

She was educated in Osijek, Đakovo,  Zagreb, Vienna, Paris, and worked as a teacher in Zagreb, Ruma, Osijek, Mostar, Sarajevo.  All her  public work was aimed at affirmation of the culture of Southern Slavs and, especially,  of women‘s efforts. After 1918, when the Kingdom of  Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (as of 1929 - Kingdom of Yugoslavia) was formed, she lived in Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia. Belović-Bernadzikowska published works of fiction, as well as research works and essays on embroidery, education, culture, psychology, pedagogy in Serbian, Croatian and German. In her own autobiographical text from 1936  she noted that she had written 48 books. In addition to that, there is a great number of articles. The most renown is her cooperation with the famous folklorist and  sexologist, Friedrich Salomo Krauss in his yearly magazine Anthropophyteia (published in  Leipzig  1904-1913).  Jelica Belović-Bernadzikowska  established or helped establishing ethnographic museums and exhibitions  in Zagreb, Vienna, Belgrade, Prague… Her famous book is on the cultural history of South Slavs, Die Sitten der Suedslawen, published in Dresden in German language in 1927. 

Dr Tihomir Ostojić (1865- 1921), historian, praised her work by comparing it to canonical and iconical figures of Serbian science and art, Jovan Cvijić and Vuk Karadžić.

Profession(s) and other activities Contributor to periodical press, Literary critic, Teacher/governess, Urednica časopisa, Scientist, and Ethnographer
Language(s) in which she wrote Serbian and German
Memberships Of editorial boards

Works written by this author


Articles and other similar texts

Serial Publications


Reception during lifetime

Reception after death

Authors read by this author