Kraljica Natalija Obrenović
|Name||Kraljica Natalija Obrenović|
|Spouse and other names||Obrenović|
|Date of birth||May 14, 1859|
|Date of death||1941|
About her personal situation
1859 - Natalija Petrovna Keško was born on May 14, 1859, in Florence. She was of Russian-Moldovan origin. Her father was originally from Russia and a mother from Moldova. She lost her father at the age of six, and her mother died when Natalija was fifteen. After her mother's death, Natalija stayed with her brother and her two sisters in Russia. She graduated from a girls' boarding school for daughters of aristocrats in Paris.
1875 - When she was seventeen, Natalija got engaged with Prince Milan Obrenović. They got married in Belgrade on October 17th. In the following year, Prince Aleksandar Obrenović was born. The second son of Milan and Natalija, Sergije, died shortly after his birth.
1882 - Serbia became a kingdom, and Princess Natalija became The Queen.
1887 - 1889 - Due to Milan's leisure life, gambling and numerous infidelities, the king and the queen began to distance themselves from each other. Their character was different, as well as the attitude toward the government duties. Namely, while the queen was more responsible and tougher, the king often showed irresponsibility and a more relaxed attitude towards the authorities. Also, Queen Natalija was in favor of Russia, and King Milan sought refuge on the side of Austria. Numerous disputes led to the fact that in 1887 the king wanted the queen to leave Serbia, realizing that she could jeopardize his position and political influence. The agreement was that the queen was entitled to spend the summer in Serbia, but then she had to leave the country for a year. In 1888, after Natalija's return to Serbia, Queen Natalija and King Milan officially divorced. After the final break with the king, the queen moved to Biarritz in the villa "Sašino". During exile, she saw her son Aleksandar only occasionally. Since King Milan abdicated in 1889 and left Serbia, she returned to the country.
1891 - 1985 - In May 1891, Queen Natalija was expelled from Serbia. When King Aleksandar came to power in 1893, she refused to return to Belgrade. Only two years later, i.e. in 1895, she returned to Serbia. She lived in the country only when King Milan was absent.
1900 - Occasionally, she would return to Serbia to meet her son. However, realizing that King Aleksandar fell in love with her court lady Draga Mašin, she tightened her relationship with her son. Queen Natalija strongly opposed her son's marriage with Draga Mašin. But in spite of the opposition of his mother, many friends, and politicians, in 1900, King Aleksandar married Draga Mašin.
1902/1903 - Queen Natalija went to Catholicism in 1902 and did not return to Serbia anymore. She gave her property to the University of Belgrade, and not to her son. In 1903, her son, King Aleksandar Obrenović, and Queen Draga Mašin were killed, and the Karađorđević dynasty took over the head of Serbia.
1914 - 1918 - During the First World War, Queen Natalija helped the Serbian people. After the war, she lived in Paris in a women's monastery. The former Serbian queen lived in retirement in Paris, which was written by the world press.
1941 - She died in Paris in great poverty.
|Place of birth||Firenca|
|Place of death||Pariz|
|First language(s)||Russian and French|
|Marital status||Divorced Widowed|
|Number of children||2|
|Name(s) of children||Aleksandar, Sergije|
|Gender of children||M (2)|
About her professional situation
Queen Natalija organized numerous parties at the court. She worked on the emancipation of women in Serbia. She participated in the creation of "Domaćica" (eng. "Housewife") newspaper in 1879. She wasthe founder of the Women's Association for National Homework, and she was also the sponsor of the Higher School for Women.
Queen Natalija actively participated in the government work, often opposing her husband and his ideas, above all his affection for Austria. The divorce of the King and the Queen had a major influence on the political scene of Serbia. Namely, the politicians who supported Queen Natalija and who were her friends were at the same time the enemies of the king and vice versa. Some people, like General Belimarković, Milutin Garašanin and Jovan Ristić, turned back to her after her official divorce with King Milan.
In 1885, the Queen published a translation from Russian into Serbian "Umna borba u Rusiji" (eng. "Mind Struggle in Russia") by author Ivan Pavlov.
Đurić, Đ.. "Karakteristični srpski intelektualac između dva kralja i dve kraljice iz dinastije Obrenović." Zbornik Matice srpske za istoriju (2008): 215-224.
Trgovčević, LJubinka (predgovor) u: Kraljica Natalija Obrenović. Moje uspomene. Beograd: Srpska književna zadruga, 2006, str. 19-46.
Savremenici i poslednici Dositeja Obradovića i Vuka Stefanovića Karadžića sakupio, obradio i sredio Vlastoje D. Aleksijević (1911–1969); Osma sveska: slova NJ-O; Dostupno na : http://digitalna.nb.rs/wb/NBS/Katalozi_i_bibliografije/P_425/P_425_08#page/0/mode/1up
Chronology and bibliography edited by: Milica Đuričić
Translated by: Marija Bulatović
|Profession(s) and other activities||Cultural and educational patron, Politician, and Translator|
|Language(s) in which she wrote||Russian and French|
Works written by this author
- Mati i sin (1892)
- Aforizmi kraljice Natalije (1897)
- Pisma kraljice Natalije Obrenović (1996)
- Moje uspomene (1999)
- Ruža i trnje: uspomene, aforizmi i priče, pisma (2015)
- Umna borba u Rusiji (1885)
Reception during lifetime
- A Kingʹs Romance: the story of Milan and Natalie first king and queen of Servia: with numerous portraits and other illustrations (Frances Gerard - 1903)
- Kraljica Natalija (1891)
- Kraljica Natalija (1889)
- Pripovetke kraljice Natalije (1897)
- Srpska kraljica Natalija Obrenović (Svetislav Lazarev - 1905)
Reception after death
- Hronologija života i rada kraljice Natalije Obrenović (Svetlana Tomić - 2015)
- Nathalie de Serbie: la reine errante (Alexandre de la Cerda - 2000)
- Značaj književnih radova kraljice Natalije (Svetlana Tomić - 2015)
- Kraljica Natalija i Rusija - od razvoda do preveravanja (Suzana Rajić - 2013)
- Kraljica Natalija Obrenović: žena kralja Milana Obrenovića (1859-1941) (Dejan Nikolić - 1998)
- Kraljica Natalija Obrenović: Moje uspomene, priredila LJubinka Trgovčević (Đorđe Đurić - 2000)
- Moje uspomene (sećanja kraljice Natalije Obrenović) (Aleksandra Vuletić - 2000)
- Natalija (Žika Marković - 1999)
- Natalija Obrenović: majka poslednjeg kralja dinastije (Vojislava Latković - 2006)
- Pripovetke kraljice Natalije Obrenović (Staniša Vojinović - 2003)
- Priča jedne kraljice (LJubinka Trgovčević - 1999)
- Roman kraljice Natalije (Dragutin Ilić - 2015)
- Roman o piscu i kraljici (Svetlana Tomić - 2015)