Katarina Milovuk

Name Katarina Milovuk
Spouse and other names Milovuk
Date of birth August 28, 1844
Date of death September 27, 1913
Country Serbia
Language Serbian
Web address http://resources.huygens.knaw.nl/womenwriters/vre/persons/93cbeacd-3380-4ab0-8d7f-5269484fc6e1/basic-info

About her personal situation

Katarina Milovuk (born Đorđević) was born in 1844 in Novi Sad. She finished primary school in Novi Sad. But her parents considered that primary education was not enough, and they encouraged her to continue further education in Russia. She graduated from Nikolay's Grammar School in 1861, and she passed the Pedagogical National Examination at the University of Odessa. After finishing school, she came to Serbia, where her family moved in the meantime, because Katarina's father, officer Jovan Đorđević, was given a job. In 1865, she married the nineteen years older Milan Milovuk, who was appointed as the first principal of Realka High School. Katarina's husband was also one of the founders of the singing society. After his death, Katarina Milovuk fully dedicated to the Higher School for Women and humanitarian affairs. She spoke Russian, French, German and English. She played the piano. She had no descendants. She died in Belgrade in 1913.

Place of birth Novi Sad
Place of death Beograd
Marital status Divorced Widowed
Education University education

About her professional situation

She was the director of the Higher School for Women by its very foundation from 1863 to 1893. Although very young, she had shown a great teaching gift. Katarina Milovuk sought to introduce pedagogy and methodology, Russian, French and German, languages she spoke. Katarina Milovuk was the author of textbooks used in the teaching of pedagogy and methodology. Thanks to her initiative, a school choir was formed. At the beginning, foreign languages (German and French), as well as drawing and piano, were optional subjects at the Higher School for Women in Belgrade. Parents who wanted their children to attend classes from the previously mentioned subjects had to finance it. Katarina Milovuk held classes in French, but she did not want to take the fee, leaving it to school.

She was invited to work and participate in the organization of the Higher Serbian School for Women in Thessaloniki, which lasted for three years from 1904 to 1907.

She translated from German, Russian, French and English.

Katarina Milovuk is also credited with the founding of the Women's Society in Belgrade in 1875, which is especially important because of its humanitarian aspect. She was the first president of the Women's Society. The Society started publishing the first women's magazine "Domaćica" (eng. "Housewife") four years after its establishment. This year is also significant for the foundation of Women's Workshop and "Pazar" where works from the Women's Workshop could have been purchased. Women's workshop / Radenička School and "Pazar" aimed to preserve crafts such as sewing and tailoring and training girls between the age of 13 and 17. She is the founder of the Women Association who fought for the voting right of women who did not have it at the time. She was one of the first women to climb up against the shackles of the patriarchal Serbian society by strenuously fighting for the rights of women.

In 1893, Katarina Milovuk retired and withdrew from the position of headmistress of the Higher School for Women in Belgrade. However, her engagement did not end there. Namely, she went to Thessaloniki to work as the head of the Higher Serbian School for Women with boarding school, where she worked for three years. The school was attended by Serbian girls from the regions under Turkish rule.

In 1906 she was elected the first president of Srpski narodni ženski savez (eng. Serbian National Women's Alliance). She was Vice President of the Kolo srpskih sestara (eng. Circle of Serbian Sisters).

In addition to exceptional pedagogical work, besides the struggle for a better position of women, Katarina Milovuk will remain remembered for exceptional humanitarian work. Namely, she was a member of the Association for the Support and Education of Poor and Abandoned Children. During wartime, she helped the poor children, as well as the children of soldiers. Thanks to the Higher School for Women and Katarina's efforts, the workshop sewed for the army. She influenced on women to be engaged as nurses during the war years and to help the sick and the wounded. Katarina Milovuk was awarded for her charity work the following recognitions: in 1877 she received the Award of the Serbian Red Cross Society; in the following year she was awarded the Medal of Queen Natalija, and in 1886 Medal of Queen Natalija and the Award of Saint Sava III Order.

Used sources:

Stankov, Ljiljana. Katarina Milovuk (1844-1913): i ženski pokret u Srbiji. Beograd, Pedagoški muzej, 2011.
Stojaković, Gordana. Znamenite žene Novog Sada. Novi Sad: Futura publikacije, 2001.
Savremenici i poslednici Dositeja Obradovića i Vuka Stefanovića Karadžića sakupio, obradio i sredio Vlastoje D. Aleksijević (1911–1969); Šesta sveska: slovo M; Dostupno na http://digitalna.nb.rs/wb/NBS/Katalozi_i_bibliografije/P_425/P_425_06#page/0/mode/1up

Chronology and bibliography were made by the editor: Milica Đuričić

Translated by: Marija Bulatović

Profession(s) and other activities Social-cultural activist and Teacher/governess

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