Delfa Ivanić

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Name Delfa Ivanić
Date of birth March 06, 1881
Date of death August 12, 1972
Country Montenegro and Serbia
Language Serbian
Web address http://resources.huygens.knaw.nl/womenwriters/vre/persons/7938859e-de51-407f-87ef-527cfc752572#prevnext=1

About her personal situation

Delfa Ivanić came from the notable family of Ivan Musić, a revolutionary fighter for national liberation from Herzegovina. She was born in 1881 in Podgorica, where her father was, for a while, in the service of Prince Nikola. Having left the Prince’s court, the family moved to Belgrade. Shortly afterwards, Delfa lost both her parents, and was adopted by Katarina Konstantinović (the daughter of Anka Obrenović and would be wife of Prince Mihailo) and Mihailo Bogićević (the grandson of Anta Bogićević, a Duke from the First Serbian Uprising), thus entering, by chance, into the highest ranks of Serbian society of her time.

Delfa was also part of the first generation of young women who received regular public education in Serbia. She graduated from the Serbian Higher School for Women in 1897, where she became acquainted with the famous painter Nadežda Petrović, who was, at the time, working there as a teacher of drawing. From their friendship will spring the idea of starting a humanitarian organization, Kolo srpskih sestara (The Circle of Serbian Sisters), a project to which Delfa would dedicate her life’s work. Having left school, Delfa began to study chemistry at the University of Geneva (1897–1899), but had to end her studies abruptly due to the sudden death of her step-father.

As a qualified teacher, Delfa left for Skopje in 1900, where she would meet her life companion, Ivan Ivanić (1867–1935), a journalist and diplomatic representative of Serbia. The outbreak of World War II and the German invasion of Yugoslavia brought an end to her humanitarian activities, as well as the organization Kolo srpskih sestara. Delfa, a mature woman by then, was arrested by the Gestapo, only to be detained once again after the liberation in 1944, this time by the communist authorities, as an alleged “reactionary” against the new regime. She died in her old age, in a nursing home in Belgrade.

Place of birth Podgorica
Place(s) of residence Serbia
Place of death Beograd
Nationality srpska
Marital status Married
Education University education

About her professional situation

Having founded, together with Nadežda Petrović, Kolo srpskih sestara in 1903, Delfa Ivanić dedicated herself completely to humanitarian work. This would become her permanent vocation.

Together with her husband, she edited the organization's bulletin, Vardar, a calendar which was issued once a year, in the period between 1906 and 1913, and again, from 1920 to 1940, adding up to 29 issues in total. This herald provided Delfa a space for publishing comemorative speeches as well as her personal memories of some of Kolo's associates, but also for educating the female world and organizing the struggle for women's rights. Actively participating in this struggle, she became, in 1911, vice-president of the Women's League. Together with Katarina Milovuk, she fought to obtain voting rights and equal salaries for women, but this struggle had little success.

Her organizational and diplomatic skills came to prominence during the Balkan Wars, as well as the First World War. Having suffered, together with her husband, the retreat through Albania, Delfa travelled to Nice, Paris and eventually, London, where she would dedicate herself to organizing fund-raisers for Serbian soldiers and their families. It was thanks to this work perfomed by Kolo srpskih sestara during World War I, that humanitarian aid was provided for thousands of Serbian soldiers and civilians imprisoned in Austrian and Hungairan camps.

Delfa Ivanić published some thirty titles, including literary works, newspaper articles, memoirs and reviews. She worked for the following magazines and journals: Zora, Bosanska vila (1905), Domaćica, Brankovo kolo, Zastava (1910), Vardar (1906–1913, 1937–1941), Preporod (1918–1926), Golub, Žena i svet (1927–1936), Žena (1927–1936), Prosvetni pregled (1927–1936), Ženski pokret (1918–1926), Veda, Vreme, Glasnik Jugoslovenskog ženskog saveza, Revija, Glas rezervnih oficira i ratnika. She was a member of the editorial staff of Ženski pokret (1921) and Almanah Jadranska straža (1925).

Profession(s) and other activities Social-cultural activist, Teacher/governess, Urednica časopisa, Humanitarian workers, Writer of prose and novel, and Contributor to periodical press
Financial aspects of her career Other
Memberships Of editorial boards

Reception

Reception during lifetime

Reception after death

Authors read by this author