Jelena Lozanić Frotingham
|Name||Jelena Lozanić Frotingham|
|Spouse and other names||Frotingham|
|Date of birth||March 12, 1885|
|Date of death||February 06, 1972|
About her personal situation
March 12, 1885: Jelena Lozanić was born in Belgrade. Her mother, Stanka Lozanić, born Pačić, came from a well-known Serbian family (Vučić-Perišić). Like many women of her age and status, she devoted her life to charity and humanitarian work. Her father, Sima Lozanić (1847–1935), was a professor of chemistry at the Higher School (also known as the “Great School” – “Velika škola”) in Belgrade, first rector of the University of Belgrade, member of the Serbian Learned Society, member and subsequent president of the Serbian Royal Academy. He had an important political career as well: he was Minister of Agriculture and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Serbian Government, Minister Plenipotentiary at London and commissioner of the Serbian Military Mission to America in 1918. Jelena’s brother, Milivoje Lozanić, also was a professor of chemistry at Belgrade University. Her sister, Ana, was married to Vojislav Marinković, Minister of Foreign Affairs and President of Government (Prime Minister) of Serbia.
1915–1920: Jelena embarks on a humanitarian mission to America in order to raise funds for Serbian hospitals and wartime refugees. She made three journeys to the US. Her relentless work and extensive travels in North America and Canada take up all of her time and strength.
1921: Marries John Frotingham, a fellow volunteer for the Serbian Cause, who was awarded the Order of the Star of Karađorđe with Swords for his fortitude. The ceremony took place at the Russian Orthodox Church in New York. They will have one daughter – Ana.
Late 1920’s: The Frotinghams settle at their estate in Southern France.
1935: Her father, Sima Lozanić, dies, as well as her husband, John Frotingham. She moves to America with her daughter.
6 February 1972: Jelena Lozanić Frotingham dies in France.
|Place of birth||Beograd|
|Place(s) of residence||France|
|Place of death||Francuska|
|Number of children||1|
|Name(s) of children||Ana|
|Gender of children||F|
|Social class||Upper class|
About her professional situation
1910: Secretary of the Serbian National Women Alliance in charge of international correspondence. As a delegate of the Serbian Women’s Council, she participates in the International Women’s Council conference in Copenhagen.
1911: At the Stockholm congress Jelena delivers a noted speech on the problem of Serbian educational institutions and the relation between teaching and women’s rights in Serbia.
1912-1913: During the Balkan wars she is actively involved in providing help at the “Saint Helen” shelter for war orphans. She completed a course on nursing, organized by the Circle of Serbian Sisters (“Kolo srpskih sestara”), and helped nurse wounded soldiers at the “Vračar” sanatorium.
1915-1920: Jelena embarks on a humanitarian mission to America and Canada; she will make several trips across the Atlantic, as well as across the American continent. In charge of the Serbian Relief Committee of America, she gives lectures, organizes rallies, meetings and other fund-raising events in order to help Serbian soldiers and civilians. The means thus gathered were used for providing transport and care for Serbian refugees and building homes for Serbian war orphans. Jelena Lozanić was in charge of organizing and maintaining these homes – a mission for which she was awarded the Order of the White Eagle and the Order of St. Sava.
1941: Jelena is actively involved in establishing the American Friends of Yugoslavia group, which will later become the United Yugoslavian Relief Fund.
Bibliography: „Biografski podaci o Jeleni Lozanić-Frotingham i njenom suprugu DŽonu Frotinghamu“, in Lozanić-Frotingham, Jelena, Dobrotvorna misija za Srbiju u I svetskom ratu. Pisma iz Amerike i Kanade 1915–1920. godine. Beograd: Udruženje nosilaca Albanske spomenice, 1970, 307–311 and „Jelena Lozanić“, in Popov, Čedomir, ed., Srpski biografski rečnik, vol. 5, Novi Sad: Matica srpska, 2011, 614–615.
|Profession(s) and other activities||Nurse, Social-cultural activist, and Humanitarian workers|
Works written by this author
Reception during lifetime
- Spomenica velikih dobrotvora Beogradskog ženskog društva i njegovih ustanova (grupa autora - 1936)
- Jelena Lozanić-Frotingham: Dobrotvorna misija za Srbiju u Prvom svetskom ratu (Predrag Protić - 1970)
Reception after death
- Naučnici Srbije i stvaranje Jugoslovenske države 1914–1920 (LJubinka Trgovčević - 1986)
- „Šta je u stvari rodoljublje“, (Gordana Bekčić Pješčić - 2011)