Draga Mašin

Kraljica_Draga_11.jpg
Name Draga Mašin
Pseudonyms Rudničanka
Spouse and other names Lunjevica, Obrenović
Date of birth September 23, 1866
Date of death May 28, 1903
Country Serbia
Language Serbian
Web address https://sr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Draga_Obrenović

About her personal situation

1866 - According to the birth certificate, Draga Mašin was born on September 23, 1866 (in the sources: September 11 or September 23, depending on whether the date is calculated according to the Gregorian or Julian calendar) in Gornji Milanovac, where she finished the primary, and then and the Higher Institute for Women in Belgrade, better known as the "Cermanka's Institute". Her father's name was Panta Lunjevica, and her grandfather Nikola was the Duke in the Second Serbian Uprising and a friend of Miloš Obrenović. The Lunjevicas family, originally from Herzegovina, settled in the immediate vicinity of Ivanjica, and in the 18th century settled villages: Srezojevci, Beršići, Ljutovnica, Velereč, Velereč and Lunjevica on the slopes of the Mountain of Rudnik. From the marriage with Andja Koljević, the daughter of the president of the municipality of Čačak at that time, Panta Lunjevica had six children, among them - Draga. The inaccuracies in the date of birth of Draga Mašin originates from the wariness of the contemporaries at that time towards the royal marriage, and the tendency to increase the age difference between Draga and her husband, the King Aleksandar Obrenović, has been transferred to historiography. However, in 1886, Draga addressed the Funds Management Board to regulate widow's pension by enclosing an excerpt with the exact dates of the birth of both spouses.

1883 - Left without a father, with her oldest sister Kristina, Draga took care of the brothers (Nikola and Nikodije), sisters Djurdjina and the youngest one Vojka (Ana). When Draga graduated from school, on August 28, 1883, she married Svetozar Mašin in the Belgrade Cathedral Church. The mining engineer by profession, Svetozar Mašin was the oldest son of Jovan Mašin, a Czech, the court physician of Prince Mihailo, and later of Prince Milan Obrenović. After the marriage, because of the husband's job, Draga lived in Karanovac, Krupanj, and Leskovac. In 1886, after three years of marriage, she returned to Belgrade. Svetozar Mašin suddenly passed away during an epileptic seizure. It is known that as a widow she had many financial problems. On June 12, 1961, Politika newspapers published an article entitled "The Found Letter of Draga Masin" addressed to the director of the commercial bank, typical of the period in which she lived, and attractively stylized, typical of the way of asking a loan at that time. In 1891, she began working at the Belgrade court as Queen Natalia's court lady. There are contradictory opinions about how Draga Mašin became the Queen's court lady. The youngest Draga's sister, Ana Lunjevica, recalled that in 1891 Draga received a call from the Queen to join her in Biarritz, France.

1891 - After joining Queen Natalja in 1891, she traveled with her to Moldova, Crimea, as well as to Biarritz in France, where her relationship with Aleksandar Obrenović began. In October 1897, Draga left Biarritz and resigned to the court lady's position for allegedly having been insulted by the queen. Allegedly, after Queen Natalija had suspected on the secret relationship of Draga Mašin and her son Aleksandar, she decided to move her away from herself. It is assumed that as a minor, Aleksandar began to sympathize with the ten years older Draga Mašin. As it turned out, the relationship of King Aleksandar and his mother's court lady was not a secret at all. In the correspondence of King Aleksander Obrenović and Draga Mašin until 1900, there was no mention of marriage.

1900 - They married on July 23, 1900, despite the opposition of many, especially Aleksandar's parents, Queen Natalija and King Milan Obrenović. By King Aleksandar's decree, Draga Mašin's birthday was proclaimed a national holiday, and she alone took care of decorating the court and taking care of finances, at the same time participating in the conduct of her husband's foreign policy. The people used to say "Enjoying like Queen Draga", and the intolerance towards the royal couple grew more strongly. The court started to be shaken by numerous affairs: Draga's pseudo-pregnancy in 1901, the hypothesis of Draga as a "Russian agent" in the service of Russian interests in Serbia, the careless and arrogant behavior of Draga'a brothers who were believed to pretend to the throne.

1903 - Officers chose to plot against the king and the queen. The assassination was carried out between 28th and 29th of May (some sources cite the dates of the Gregorian calendar on June 10 and 11) in 1903 and it is known as the May Coup. Captain Dragutin Dimitrijević-Apis, Aleksandar Mašin, Draga's former brother-in-law, and Djordje Genčić, former Draga's admirer, were one of the main organizers of the assassination.

Place of birth Gornji Milanovac
Place of death Beograd
Nationality srpska
First language(s) Serbian
Marital status Remarried and Divorced Widowed
Number of children nema
Social class Aristocracy by marriage
Education School education

About her professional situation

Before joining Queen Natalija, Draga Mašin at showed a strong sense of language learning at Mrs. Cerman's Institute. She learned German, French, Christian science, natural sciences and the history of the Serbian people, and wrote small novels and articles for newspapers, also having been engaged in the translation of French and German authors. Prior to the age of eighteen, she translated form French a criminal novel of Xavier de Montépin, "Simone & Marie". Her teacher of French was Bogdan Popović, a future academic, anthologist, and aesthetician. That is why one part of the Serbian intellectual world loved and appreciated Draga. They considered her a very ambitious and influential lady in Belgrade. She was a patron of art. By her coming to the throne, great help was provided to Zmaj's "Neven" magazine.

She co-operated the longest in the newspaper "Domaćica" (eng."Housewife"), which was published within the "Belgrade Women's Society" under the patronage of the country, under the dynastic patronage and the influence of the wives of the most prominent politicians. In the work of the "Women's Society", a branch that actively worked on networking and training of women in Serbia, Draga participated from 1886-1891. as a member of the editorial board, translating articles from foreign journals under the initials D.S.M. (Draga Svetozar Mašin) and publishing works under the pseudonym "Rudničanka" (eng. The Women from Rudnik). After marrying King Aleksander Obrenović, as a new queen, she took over the patronage in the "Women's Society".

Sources:

Savremenici i poslednici Dositeja Obradovića i Vuka Stefanovića Karadžića sakupio, obradio i sredio Vlastoje D. Aleksijević (1911–1969); Šesta sveska: slovo M; Dostupno na: http://digitalna.nb.rs/wb/NBS/Katalozi_i_bibliografije/P_425/P_425_06#page/0/mode/1up

Sekendek, Bogdan. "Lunjevice u srpskoj istoriji". U Priče o ljudima i događajima koji su menjali svet. Knj.3, Manje poznato, ali zanimljivo. Šabac: Zaslon, 2003, str. 198-220.

Stolić, Ana. Kraljica Draga Obrenović. Beograd: Zavod za udžbenike, 2009.

The author was edited by: Milica Đuričić and Marija Bulatović

Translated by: Marija Bulatović

Profession(s) and other activities Contributor to periodical press and Translator
Language(s) in which she wrote Serbian
Financial aspects of her career Stipend/allowance/pension
Memberships Of editorial boards

Works written by this author

Translations

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